Posts Tagged 'persecuted church'

Your Amazing Faith, Part 4

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There is no more amazing thing in a believer’s life than his faith. A Christian may be highly educated, credentialed, celebrated, talented, and decorated, but his faith is his most amazing possession. The thing about the Christian’s faith is that nobody else in the world has it; only Christians. The world has its pale imitation of the believer’s faith, and while practicing positive thinking and while maintaining a positive mental attitude may lead to a better and more fulfilling life, those kinds of things are NOT Biblical faith. You don’t have faith naturally; it is placed into your heart by the Holy Spirit. We take our faith for granted but we shouldn’t. It’s what separates us from the rest of the world. It makes us special. It makes us supernatural people.

The basis of our faith is the Word of God, according to Romans 10:17 –

Consequently, faith comes from hearing the message, and the message is heard through the word of Christ. (Romans 10:17 | NIV84)

The object of our faith is not our feelings or our emotions. We can’t gin up faith. Our faith is completely objective, and its object is a Person: God –

So keep up your courage, men, for I have faith in God that it will happen just as he told me. (Acts 27:25 | NIV84)

Faith may be a mystery to some, but not to Paul who had discovered the secret of his faith:

I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me. (Galatians 2:20 | NIV84)

But possessing faith and living by faith isn’t all sunshine and buttercups. Nobody knew that better that the apostle Peter, and he wrote to Christians who also knew all about how difficult living a life of faith can be.

These have come so that your faith–of greater worth than gold, which perishes even though refined by fire–may be proved genuine and may result in praise, glory and honor when Jesus Christ is revealed. (1 Peter 1:7 | NIV84)

Background

Some people might refer to Peter as “just a fisherman.” But nobody who spent three years in the company of Jesus Christ could be called “just a fisherman.” In fact, if you were to sit down and read through both of Peter’s letters in the New Testament, you would be reading about such things as the doctrines of election, foreknowledge, sanctification, obedience, the extent of Christ’s finished work on the Cross, God’s grace, the Trinity, salvation, faith, and hope! Peter was not “just a fisherman,” and while we always think about Paul as being the towering intellectual of the Christian faith, Peter was no intellectual slouch. He juggled mighty theological concepts while dealing with the day-to-day problems encountered by believers scattered all over the known world.

Here was a man who, at one time, was impetuous; the kind of guy that rushes in where angels fear to tread. Peter often spoke before he thought and some of the dopey things he said surely caused our Lord’s head to shake. Speaking of our Lord, Jesus said this to and about Peter:

Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by man, but by my
Father in heaven. And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be e loosed in heaven.” (Matthew 16:17 – 19 | NIV84)

Peter was the “rock” upon which the church was to be built. But before you get all excited about that, Peter, whose name means “rock,” would go on to write this in 1 Peter 2:5 –

As you come to him, the living Stone—rejected by men but chosen by God and precious to him— you also, like living stones, are being built into a spiritual house to be a holy priesthood, offering spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. (1 Peter 2:4, 5 | NIV84)

So, in Peter’s inspired opinion, all believers are “rocks.” We are all Peter. Peter knew there was nothing special about him; he knew he was an apostle, but he also knew he was just one of many. The church is built on people like Peter; people like you and me.

Peter wrote his letters after Paul wrote his, probably between 64 and 67 AD, after Nero had come to power and had begun his persecution of Christians. And we know to whom he wrote his letters, particularly the first one:

To God’s elect, strangers in the world, scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia… (1 Peter 1:1 | NIV84)

These were believers in peril; their lives were constantly threatened by persecution on account of their relationship with Jesus Christ and His church. And though Peter mentions persecution many times in his letter, the theme of the letter is not persecution but rather hope in times of persecution. Dr McGee refers to Peter as the “apostle of hope,” and hope in the New Testament is always linked to suffering. What that means is startling and counterintuitive. Suffering, what we all try to avoid at all costs, is something that produces hope.

And the readers of this letter needed hope. They were “strangers in the world, scattered…” all over the place. The recipients were a mixture of both Jew and Gentile believers, and both groups were literally “strangers in the world” and “scattered.” For the Jewish Christians, they were forced out of their homes in Jerusalem and forced to lived in strange, pagan cities. For the Gentiles, their citizenship was in heaven but they had lost so much just to follow the way of Jesus . So both of these groups of precious believers were suffering and that suffering (those trials they were dealing with) was producing something in their lives they didn’t have before: HOPE.

Trials in perspective

It’s easy to understand how trials produce suffering, but how does that produce hope? It all boils down to perspective. When a believer is facing a trial that produces suffering, what he pays attention to makes all the difference in the world. Peter gives us something to think about:

In this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. (1 Peter 1:6 | NIV84)

There’s your perspective right there. What Peter is referring to when he wrote “In this,” will become self-evident, but for right now, his point is a simple one: in the midst of “suffering grief in all kinds of trials” Christians should rejoice, not worry or be anxiety-ridden. That may sound crazy to you, but you need to pay attention to it. When you are experiencing trials that lead to suffering, you ought to rejoice – not praising the trials, but focusing on God instead of the trial. The key is forcing yourself to see God, not get bogged down in the trial. Remember what kind of trial Peter is talking about here. It’s a trial you experience because of your faith. We’re not talking about the trial of a bad cold or a feverish child, although you should focus on God regardless of what’s going on in your life.

As a side note, modern Christians have a completely warped out perspective on suffering. We foolishly think that whatever is happening at the moment is the most important thing in our lives. So when we are suffering the trial of a bad cold or a feverish child, those things tower over horizon and we behave in an unseemly way for a Christian to behave. When you drag your sick child to the emergency ward at the hospital and are freaking out because you have to wait to see a doctor, that’s unseemly behavior for a Christian to engage in because it says something very disturbing about your faith. It says you don’t have very much. A moment in the waiting room can ruin your testimony for Jesus Christ. And nothing is more important than that. How you behave when the thumb screws of life get tight says everything the quality of your faith.

But Peter is specifically referring to those trials you may face on account of your Christian faith. When that happens, here’s what “in this” refers to:

Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! In his great mercy he has given us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, and into an inheritance that can never perish, spoil or fade–kept in heaven for you, who through faith are shielded by God’s power until the coming of the salvation that is ready to be revealed in the last time. (1 Peter 1:3-5 | NIV84)

You may be facing trials on account of your faith, but if you keep your focus on what God has done for you and given you in Jesus Christ, your trials pale by comparison. The jeers and mocking, the persecution of losing your job or home because of your faith are NOTHING compared to what you GET in Christ! Thinking about what you have waiting for you in heaven may also seem counterintuitive and a denial of reality, but it isn’t.

Here’s the thing. Our faith in this is both objective and subjective. It is objective in the sense that our faith is in “the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ” and in “his great mercy” that led to our “new birth.” It is subjective in the sense that there are definitely “rewards,” what Peter refers to “an inheritance that can never spoil or fade” that we should think about.

In the midst of these kinds of trials, if we can keep them in perspective and keep our focus on God, we’ll be fine. And that brings us to the verse that started this whole thing:

These have come so that your faith–of greater worth than gold, which perishes even though refined by fire–may be proved genuine and may result in praise, glory and honor when Jesus Christ is revealed. (1 Peter 1:7 | NIV84)

If you think that verse is a little hard to swallow in light of what came before it, try what Peter’s associate, James, wrote on for size:

Consider it pure joy, my brothers, whenever you face trials of many kinds, because you know that the testing of your faith develops perseverance. Perseverance must finish its work so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything. (James 1:2-4 | NIV84)

Both Peter and James were not deniers of reality. Neither of them denied that the readers of their letters were suffering trials. They’re giving Holy Spirit-inspired advice that needs to be noticed and taken by modern believers.

As a Christian, you will face some forms of persecution on account of your faith. That persecution may take many forms, but it will come. Even in America. You may find that hard to believe, but all you have to do is ask the Christian who spoke out in support of traditional family values who has been denied a promotion because of it. Or the baker who refused to bake a cake for a “gay wedding” who had to pay a heftY fine. Those are forms of persecution. That you will face some form of persecution is guaranteed. How will you react to it? Peter wants you to understand that your most precious possession is not your job. It’s not your home. It’s not your friendship. It’s not your family. Your FAITH is your most precious possession and though you may lose much because of your relationship with Christ, you can never lose your faith. In fact, that faith is strengthened when you suffer persecution.

Augustine observed:

In the fiery furnace, the straw is burned by the gold is purified.

Martin Luther chimed in:

The fire does not lessen the gold but makes it pure and bright, removing any admixture. So God lays the Cross upon all Christians in order to purify and cleanse them well in order that their faith may remain pure even as the Word is pure, and that we may cling to the Word and nothing else.

Both of those guys were right. Why does your faith need to be purified? It’s because when we live and prosper and enjoy the blessings God gives us, we as sinful people tend to start focusing on them and trusting in them instead of God. Our faith becomes corrupted by other things, even very good things like friends and family and pension plans. When that happens, those corruptions in our faith – those impurities – need to be removed. And God will allow those persecutions that lead to suffering to do just that.

Perspective is everything. And it’s the one thing Peter’s friends needed and it’s the one thing we need, too.

The Church Carries On

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Historically, Acts 12 is important because it records the final persecution of the Church at Jerusalem. For the fifth time the Jerusalem Christians faced severe persecution. The first period of persecution was instigated by the Sadducees, elders, and scribes (Acts 4). Then the Sadducees came out swinging by themselves because the apostles preached so loudly about a doctrine they didn’t support: the resurrection (Acts 5). The third wave of persecution came at the hands of the Libertines, who dragged Stephen into court (Acts 6), eventually stoning him to death. Saul joined in with his own intense form of Christian persecution during this time and it was during this third wave that almost all the Christians, save the apostles, were scattered (Acts 8). This fifth persecution was at the hand of Herod, about the time that Paul and Barnabas were visiting the churches of Judea.

So the believers decided to send relief to the Christians in Judea, each giving as much as he could. This they did, consigning their gifts to Barnabas and Paul to take to the elders of the church in Jerusalem. (Acts 11:29, 30 TLB)

Acts 12:1 – 12

About that time King Herod moved against some of the believers and killed the apostle James (John’s brother). (Acts 12:1, 2 TLB)

Just who was this King Herod? He was Herod Agrippa I, the grandson of Herod the Great, the Herod who was ruling the night Jesus Christ was born. Herod Agrippa I was the Herod who had secured the goodwill of the Jews by taking care to respect and sometimes observe their customs. Agrippa actually seemed to enjoy being in the company of Jews. He is generally regarded by historians as being a mild-mannered, yet very ambitious ruler.

In order to curry favor with the Jews, as was his custom, Agrippa had James the brother of John killed. This sad event was actually the fulfillment of a prophecy given some time before by Jesus Himself.

But Jesus told her, “You don’t know what you are asking!” Then he turned to James and John and asked them, “Are you able to drink from the terrible cup I am about to drink from?”

“Yes,” they replied, “we are able!”

“You shall indeed drink from it,” he told them. “But I have no right to say who will sit on the thrones next to mine. Those places are reserved for the persons my Father selects.” (Matthew 20:22, 23 TLB)

It is an ironic twist of fate that of these two inseparable brothers, one was the first apostle to die and the other was probably the last.

We don’t know much about James’ activities in the early church. The very fact that he was singled out as the first of the twelve apostles to be martyred suggests that he was an obvious leader of the Jerusalem church. Passive, quiet, inoffensive men were never martyred.

In the warped mind of Herod Agrippa I, to execute James, a leading member of the church and a well-known member of Jesus’ inner circle of apostles, would be to strike at the very heart the church itself.

When Herod saw how much this pleased the Jewish leaders, he arrested Peter during the Passover celebration… (Acts 12:3 TLB)

When Agrippa saw how much the death of James pleased the Jews, he had Peter imprisoned and guarded by no less than 16 men. His plan was to drag Peter out and slain in the public square after Passover, or Easter.

As is His mysterious way, just in the very nick of time God acted on Peter’s behalf:

…suddenly there was a light in the cell and an angel of the Lord stood beside Peter! The angel slapped him on the side to awaken him and said, “Quick! Get up!” And the chains fell off his wrists! Then the angel told him, “Get dressed and put on your shoes.” And he did. “Now put on your coat and follow me!” the angel ordered. (Acts 12:7, 8 TLB)

Herod had his plans but God has His. God also had something Herod didn’t have: a group of praying believers. It was in answer to their prayers that God moved and delivered the apostle just hours before his planned execution. This whole incident reminds us of an obscure verse in the Old Testament:

The Lord is laughing at those who plot against the godly, for he knows their judgment day is coming. (Psalm 37:12, 13 TLB)

John Calvin famously noted:

Against the persecution of a tyrant the godly have no remedy by prayer.

Christians have the promise of God that they are overcomers and that even the gates of Hell will never prevail against the church. Peter had been given this bit of reassurance personally by the Lord:

When you were young, you were able to do as you liked and go wherever you wanted to; but when you are old, you will stretch out your hands and others will direct you and take you where you don’t want to go.” (John 21:18 TLB)

There was no way Peter was going to die this night. Yet God didn’t move to free him until the church gathered together to pray. The promises due the church and to believers individually come to pass only when believers are praying. Prayer shows that we are trusting in God to fulfill His Word to us.

Acts 12:13 – 18

Peter had been freed from prison, but he still was a marked man. Where does a marked man go?

After a little thought he went to the home of Mary, mother of John Mark, where many were gathered for a prayer meeting. (Acts 12:12 TLB)

Because of continued persecution, the early church in Jerusalem met in homes, and Peter would have known where to go. John Mark’s mother, another Mary, was apparently a woman of means; her home was large enough to accommodate a congregation. The woman who came to the door when Peter knocked was named Rhoda, and she was probably a servant. Now, remember, these were dangerous days. The voice said he was Peter, but was he really? What if this was a trick? Rhoda played it safe and instead of letting Peter in, she went into the prayer meeting to tell them. Their response is curious, given why they were praying in the first place.

They didn’t believe her. “You’re out of your mind,” they said. When she insisted they decided, “It must be his angel. They must have killed him.” (Acts 12:15 TLB)

The Lord laughs as sinners plan to move against His saints, but He must surely chuckle at the behavior of His saints, too. The church was praying for Peter to be set free, and when he is set free, the don’t believe it. They thought the voice at the door belonged to his ghost. How strange we Christians can be.

In an odd way, it’s comforting to know the early church, with all its tremendous power, still had its doubts. We aren’t too far removed from them in this regard. We pray for things then doubt that our prayers will be answered. And when a prayer is answered, we rejoice and are actually surprised about it!

E.M. Bounds, who knew a thing or two about prayer, wrote this:

Four things let us ever keep in mind: God hears prayer, God heeds prayer, God answers prayer, and God delivers by prayer.

Indeed He does.

Peter was probably getting ready to knock down the door. They finally let him in, he told them what happened to him, then gave some advice:

“Tell James and the others what happened,” he said—and left for safer quarters. (Acts 12:17 TLB)

This, of course, was not the James that had just been martyred. This was James, the half-brother of Jesus. He was considered to be the “lead pastor” of the church at Jerusalem.

What was good news for Peter was bad news for the guards. All 16 of the men assigned to guard Peter were executed in the apostle’s place. The infamous Code of Justinian, which represented Roman custom, stated that a guard who allowed a prisoner to escape was liable to the penalty which the prisoner would have paid.

But something else is going on. In executing those guards, Herod Agrippa I is thumbing his nose at God once again. In effect, Herod is saying Peter’s deliverance had nothing to do with God. It was the fault of his guards. And in executing the guards for something they had nothing to do with, Herod Agrippa is showing how little he thought of human life.

Acts 12:19 – 24

God had vindicated Peter. The fifth persecution ended in the death of one man, James, and the deliverance of another, Peter. God’s ways are, to say the least, inscrutable.

Meanwhile, Herod Agrippa I was about to learn firsthand the consequences of acting in an arrogant, presumptuous manner in regards to God and His church. Nobody can do that with impunity.

After Peter’s deliverance, Herod Agrippa I traveled to Caesarea.

While he was in there, a delegation from Tyre and Sidon arrived to see him. He was highly displeased with the people of those two cities… (Acts 12:20 TLB)

The citizens of these two port cities were rivals of those in Caesarea as all three struggled for dominance in the world’s economy. And the three ports depended on Israeli grain for their food supply. Apparently Tyre and Sidon were ignored and mistreated by Herod Agrippa I. He preferred to deal with the people of Caesarea. He made life miserable for the people of Tyre and Sidon.

Luke is scant on details because they aren’t important. What was important to Luke was to show two things. First, that the great Herod Agrippa I, the shrewd, careful politician would be punished by God. In response to Herod’s attack on the Jerusalem church and his taking the life of James, God would take Herod’s life. God judged Herod Agrippa I, who knew the Old Testament scriptures. This man would learn what it means to “sin against the light you have.”

I have scattered you to the four winds of heaven,” declares the Lord. “Come, Zion! Escape, you who live in Daughter Babylon!” For this is what the Lord Almighty says: “After the Glorious One has sent me against the nations that have plundered you—for whoever touches you touches the apple of his eye—I will surely raise my hand against them…” (Zechariah 2:6b – 9a NIV)

God did just that with proud Herod Agrippa I. He died a pretty nasty death:

Instantly, an angel of the Lord struck Herod with a sickness so that he was filled with maggots and died—because he accepted the people’s worship instead of giving the glory to God. (Acts 12:23 TLB)

Being eaten alive by maggots or worms is not the best death. It’s shows God’s extreme displeasure with a man who knew better. Another persecutor of the Jews, Antiochus Epiphanes, who himself was struck by God with an incurable disease, wrote this of Herod’s death:

And so the ungodly man’s body swarmed with worms, and while he was still living in anguish and pain, his flesh rotted away, and because of his stench the whole army felt revulsion at his decay. (2 Maccabees 9:9)

The second thing Luke wanted to stress was that in spite of everything that had happened to the church, God was blessing it.

God’s Good News was spreading rapidly and there were many new believers. (Acts 12:24 TLB)

In Exodus 20:5, the Lord said this to His people:

I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God.

He was serious about that. There are many examples of people meeting horrible ends at the hands of God because they attempted to take honor and glory from Him. Herod Agrippa I knew the Scriptures well. It is well known that he read them aloud to the people in the temple courts during Jewish feasts. Yet, when the people in Caesarea cheered him on as a god, this man who knew better did not stop them or rebuke them. He claimed that honor, which belonged only to God, for himself. God would not allow this.

What a contrast to the apostles who healed the sick and the lame, yet who continually gave God the glory. Paul and Barnabas never ceased to give all the honor to God as they engaged in their missionary ventures.

Herod was not a nice man. He did great harm to the church. William Gurnall’s words help to keep all the Herods who have ever lived in their proper perspective:

We fear men so much because we fear God so little. One fear cures another.  When man’s terror scares you, turn your thoughts to the wrath of God.


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