Posts Tagged 'Church'

Yes, You Have To!

Yes, you have to

You’ve probably heard, and maybe even said, something that goes like this: Going to church doesn’t make you a Christian any more than going to McDonalds makes you a Big Mac. That’s true, as far as it goes. Faithfully attending church doesn’t save anybody. We are saved by faith in the finished work of Jesus Christ. We are not saved by performing acts of good work or penance. We stand justified before God through the saving grace of Christ. That being the case, no true believer will lose his salvation by skipping church.

It was hard for me to type that last sentence. As a pastor who has been in the ministry for many years, the habitual church-skipper has become the absolute bane of my existence. You probably know people like this. They join your church, attend services faithfully for a few months, then they start skipping services. A Sunday spent away on vacation. The grandkids have strep. A birthday. These people always have a good reason for skipping church. You run into them at Wal-Mart and the first thing that comes out of their mouth is, “I know we’ve missed a lot of church, but we’ve been busy. We’ll see you this Sunday, though!” Right. If I had a dollar for every time a lazy church member spoke those words to me, I’d be a rich man today; my wife and I would be engaged in some “beach ministry” somewhere in the Caribbean. The fact is, words are cheap and so are habitual church skippers. They’re cheap with the blessings God has given them. They are stingy with yielding themselves to the Holy Spirit. And they hoard the gifts of the Spirit they possess.

Still, you have to love these people. You can’t kill them. So, what do you do with the lazy, habitual church skipper? Let’s lay some groundwork, first.

Christians are supposed to be in church.

While going to church doesn’t save you, the Bible is very clear that the Christian life is meant to be lived within the context of a local church.

His intent was that now, through the church, the manifold wisdom of God should be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly realms… (Ephesians 3:10 NIV)

We know that Paul here is referring to the local church because he’s writing to a local church, extolling the virtues of God’s wisdom as manifested by and through the local church for all the world to see. That’s a very big reason to regularly attend church – to be a part of God’s plan for showing the lost world His wisdom. When you habitually skip church, you are hindering God’s plan. Among other reasons, that’s why the Christian life (as designed by God) was never meant to be lived in isolation, away from the Body of Christ. Our very fellowship together with other believers is meant to be a stark testimony to a lost world.

Let us hold unswervingly to the hope we profess, for he who promised is faithful. And let us consider how we may spur one another on toward love and good deeds, not giving up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but encouraging one another—and all the more as you see the Day approaching. (Hebrews 10:23 – 25 NIV)

Here are some more good reasons to regularly attend services. The writer to the Hebrews links it to “the hope we profess.” In other words, part of being Christian is being a part of His Body, in the context of the local church. In addition, attending services gives us a chance to encourage fellow members in their walk with Christ and vice versa.

The writer to the Hebrews hints at something else in these verses: it is tempting to “give up meeting together.” Every pastor knows this to be true, and honest church members also know how easy it is to find reasons to miss church. It’s always tempting to lay out of church, hence the strong admonition to the Hebrew Christians.

A matter of priorities

Since attending church services is God’s will for His people, when we choose put the activities of the world ahead of church, we are saying to God, “I don’t have time for you.” That’s not a good position to be in! Can you imagine saying to God that you had “better things to do” on Sundays than fellowship with Him and other believers in His House? The title of this article is “Yes, You Have To Go To Church”, but it should probably be, “Do I Have to Put God First?”  Laying out of church so you can “spend time with your family,” by the way, is not putting God first and counts for nothing.  Atheists spend time with their families.  Walking in the woods, appreciating creation may be a wonderful way to lower your blood pressure, but it’s not putting God first, at least when you ought to be in church.

Even Christians who rarely skip church can fall into the dreaded “one hour only” mentality. Think about it. Do you complain about church running past noon? Most of us do, yet most of us never complain about services being too short. It’s about priorities. Are the things of your life more important than God? Regular church attenders would do well to think about this. If you’re in a rush to get out of church so you can “get on with your Sunday,” you’re insulting God. Let’s check our attitude about church often.

It all comes down to priorities. Do you, if you call yourself a Christian, put God first in your life or not? Part of putting Him first is living in obedience to what He wants for your life, and one thing He wants is for Christians – for you – to attend church services regularly. Of course, there are many other important things going on in your life, but it’s when you habitually put those things ahead of God, you find yourself on the outs with Him.

Christians are made to worship corporately – together. It is certainly true that you can worship God any time, anywhere. You don’t have to be in church to worship God. Nowhere in the Bible will find a verse that says believers in God should wait until they are in church to worship God. The Bible assumes believers will live a life of worship. Worship is a lot more than singing hymns and choruses, or taking Communion. And yet, that same Bible admonishes Christians to do these things:

Meet together on the first day of the week.

No kidding! It’s in there.

On the first day of the week we came together to break bread. (Acts 20:7 NIV)

Do what I told the Galatian churches to do. On the first day of every week, each one of you should set aside a sum of money in keeping with your income, saving it up, so that when I come no collections will have to be made. (1 Corinthians 16:1, 2 NIV)

The Lord wants His people to get into the habit of meeting together regularly.

We can’t do what we’re supposed to do unless we meet together

You really can’t be all that God wants you to be unless you are in regular fellowship with other believers in the local church. You may be living a good life, enjoying peace and prosperity, but you’ll never know the full blessing of God until you are in church.

Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled with the Spirit, speaking to one another with psalms, hymns, and songs from the Spirit. Sing and make music from your heart to the Lord, always giving thanks to God the Father for everything, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. (Ephesians 5:18 – 20 NIV)

Those are things Christians are supposed to be doing for each other in church. There’s no getting away from the fact that God intends for His people to live out their Christian lives in the church. Of course, you should live like a Christian all the time, everywhere you go, but doing the things Paul admonished his Ephesian friends to do can only be done in church!

On the first day of every week, each one of you should set aside a sum of money in keeping with your income, saving it up, so that when I come no collections will have to be made. (1 Corinthians 16:2 NIV)

Offerings can’t be taken up except in church. The offering Paul referred to here was one to meet the needs of another church. Christians looking after other Christians can best take place within a local church. It is there the needs of the Body of Christ are meant to be met.

You can’t follow the example of the early Christians except in church

There’s a lot of talk about “getting back” to the way the church used to be. It seems as though a lot Christians have grown disenchanted with the way the modern church has become. Well, if you want to “get back” to the New Testament church, you had better get used to meeting at least once a week at a central location. Of course, there were “house churches” in the early days, but there were also large congregations that met at a regular location. They had a structure and they were organized  (1 Corinthians 11 and 14).

If you read those two chapters (there are many others like them, by the way) you’ll see why it’s imperative to be in church. You can watch a church service on TV, you can read your Bibles with your husband or wife, and neighbors, but you can’t do what the Lord wants you to do; you can’t follow the example of the early church unless you are in an organized, structured church.

You can only encourage and uplift the saints in church

We’ve already looked at Hebrews 10:23 – 25, but there are other verses that talk about the importance of gathering together, not only to worship God, but also to encourage and uplift other believers. Naturally we can do this any time we happen to run into a fellow believer at the grocery store or at a ball game, but it best takes place in the local church.

Let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, since as members of one body you were called to peace. And be thankful. Let the message of Christ dwell among you richly as you teach and admonish one another with all wisdom through psalms, hymns, and songs from the Spirit, singing to God with gratitude in your hearts. (Colossians 3:15, 16 NIV)

All those things are to take place in the local church. Just a quick reading of Colossians 3 shows the context. When we habitually miss church services, we are quite literally robbing other believers of our encouragement. Not only that, we run the risk of becoming a stumbling block to other Christians when we skip out of church all the time.

Therefore let us stop passing judgment on one another. Instead, make up your mind not to put any stumbling block or obstacle in the way of a brother or sister. (Romans 14:13 NIV)

How does skipping church make you a stumbling block? Among other reasons it’s encouraging the already habitual  skippers to keep on skipping services; it’s setting a terrible example for them to follow.

Respecting God’s authority

Here’s one last thing to think about. When you habitually skip church, you are rejecting God-ordained leadership authority. Churches are led by elders, men (and sometimes women) who, being led by God themselves, decide the days and times of church services. When you choose to disregard the authoritative decisions made by these men of God, you are essentially disregarding the authority of God Himself. It’s no small thing to play fast and lose with your church. The odds are good that if you have this kind of attitude toward the church you have the same attitude toward God.

And now, a word to you elders of the church. I, too, am an elder; with my own eyes I saw Christ dying on the cross; and I, too, will share his glory and his honor when he returns. Fellow elders, this is my plea to you: Feed the flock of God; care for it willingly, not grudgingly; not for what you will get out of it but because you are eager to serve the Lord.

Don’t be tyrants, but lead them by your good example, and when the Head Shepherd comes, your reward will be a never-ending share in his glory and honor.

You younger men, follow the leadership of those who are older. And all of you serve each other with humble spirits, for God gives special blessings to those who are humble, but sets himself against those who are proud. (1 Peter 5:1 – 5 TLB)

Is the question, “Do I have to go to church?” Maybe it should be, “Is it permissible to disregard the authority of God and His leaders?”

A word about churches

Maybe you live in a community like the one I live in. There is a church every ten feet here it seems. Everywhere you look there’s another red door. When I talk about being faithful in church attendance, I am assuming you are attending a healthy, well-balanced church that is preaching the Word of God and respects the teachings and traditions of historical, orthodox Christianity. There are all kinds of groups that get together, sometimes calling themselves a “church,” yet have no relationship with the vital essentials of Christianity. Those “vital essentials” include things like: honoring the final authority of Scripture, belief in the great doctrines of the Bible, like the Trinity, the Deity of Christ, the substitutionary, atoning death of Christ, His resurrection, salvation by grace, living a life of holiness, and so on. A real church is faithful in administering the ordinances of the church – Communion and water baptism.

But a true church not only worships God together, they fellowship with each other.  They sometimes discipline each other.  They encourage each other and build each other up. Members of a true church are being equipped to reach out to the lost, offering them eternal life in Christ.

Ultimately, the real question should never be, “Do I have to go to church?” Rather, Christians should want to be in church because they have the right heart before God. No, the real question should be, “Why do you choose not to be in church every time the doors are open?”

Time to Go Back to Church


I don’t know where you go to church, but if you do (and if you’re a Christian you had better!), this Sunday is National Back to Church Sunday.  If ever there was a time for Americans to go back to church, it’s surely NOW!  These are days full of confusion, deception, and tumult.  These are days when people are looking for direction and answers.  Church is a good place to start.  “The church is not the way to heaven; the church is the sign that points to heaven.” (Adrian Rogers)

Take a few minutes to invite someone to your church.  Let them experience the difference Christian fellowship makes!

The Holy Spirit and You, Part 9



The Gifts of the Spirit


The greatest gift to the world came from God in the Person of His Son, Jesus Christ.  This gift is everything a sinful world needs to gain acceptance by God and to live eternally at peace with Him.  The Holy Spirit is another gift, but this gift is not for the world.  This gift is only for the Church, and it is a gift from both the Father and the Son.  The gift of the Holy Spirit is everything a Christian needs to live a full, abundant life, rich in purpose and power, that glorifies God.

The purpose of this message is not to examine each spiritual gifts individually.  Instead, we are going to look at the gifts in a general way; what they are and what they are for and how they work in a believer’s life and in the life of a local church.

The Holy Spirit is a gift, and He comes with His own gifts.  What are these spiritual gifts?  They are:

1.  Diversified

To one there is given through the Spirit the message of wisdom, to another the message of knowledge by means of the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by that one Spirit, to another miraculous powers, to another prophecy, to another distinguishing between spirits, to another speaking in different kinds of tongues, and to still another the interpretation of tongues.  (1 Corinthians 12:8-10 NIV84)

The Holy Spirit lives inside every single born-again believer.  But how does He make His presence known?  How does the Spirit manifest Himself?  The answer is simple:  through the gifts that God gives to His people.   Here in a letter to the Corinthian church, Paul lists a series of nine spiritual gifts, but this list shouldn’t be thought of as exhaustive because elsewhere in the New Testament Paul lists other gifts of the Spirit, and depending on who’s counting, there could be as many as 24 or 28 gifts of the Holy Spirit.  But this list in 1 Corinthians is the one that most of us are most familiar with.  Scholars like to group them together as temporal gifts and permanent gifts – that is, some of the gifts ended with the end of the apostolic church while others continue to this day, they say.  Others like to say some gifts are verbal, other non-verbal, some are important others no so important. 

For his  part, Paul probably wasn’t thinking like that at all.  All he did was to make a list of gifts the Holy Spirit gives to people in a church.  The very fact that you can find every single gift in operation today somewhere in the world seems to point to the permanence of the gifts, at least until The Lord returns.  It’s foolish to claim some gifts have ceased while other haven’t unless you have the same kind of knowledge God has. 

These gifts were a natural outcome of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the Day of Pentecost.  All of these gifts come from ONE Spirit, the Holy Spirit.  Notice carefully this:

Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good.  (Corinthians 12:7 NIV84)

These gifts have nothing to do with native talent; they are manifestations of the Holy Spirit through an individual Christian.   As a Spirit-filled Christian yields himself to the Holy Spirit within him, that Spirit will work through him “for the common good,” that is, for the benefit of the church, the Body of Christ.  The gifts are not for your benefit.  They are not given to you so you can make more money or have a TV show where you read minds.  They are given to build up a local congregation and the Body of Christ in general.  And the fact that they are given by the Spirit means they are ALL useful.

2.  Bestowed by God

All these are the work of one and the same Spirit, and he gives them to each one, just as he determines.  (1 Corinthians 12:11 NIV84)

The building up of the church of Jesus Christ is the work of the Holy Spirit, through its members.

And in him you too are being built together to become a dwelling in which God lives by his Spirit.  (Ephesians 2:22 NIV84)

And He accomplishes this through us by giving us the various gifts of the Spirit.  Both the gifts and the power to use the gifts come from the Holy Spirit.  He is in back of all the gifts and He alone enables believers to use them effectively for the benefit of the church.  But notice the wording of 1 Corinthians 12:11 carefully:  every single believer may be the recipient of a spiritual gift or gifts.  It is the up to the Holy Spirit to determine who receives what gift or gifts.  This really is a remarkable verse in that it shows the Holy Spirit to be as much a Person as the other members of the Trinity!  He is not just an impersonal energy or force.  The precious Holy Spirit is a thinking, reasoning, loving, empowering, supernatural and Divine Person!  How blessed are Christians to have Him dwelling within them!

3.  For the good of all

Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good.  (1 Corinthians 12:7 NIV84)

Far too often preachers, missionaries, evangelists, or Bible teachers are thought to be the only ones “gifted” in the church.  Far too often there is a distinction made between sacred and secular occupations.  Work for The Lord is thought to be done only by those who are ordained to do so.

Here Paul makes it clear that manifestations of the Spirit are given to every (each) believer.  This makes all the sense in the world, since the Spirit dwells in all believers!  In the life of all believers the Holy Spirit WILL reveal Himself, one way or another, through one gift or another.  Ordained or not.  Seminary-indoctrinated or not.  The Holy Spirit will work through a willing heart to benefit people within the Body of Christ. 

Every member of the church benefits from the gifts of the Spirit, therefore every member ought to be using his or her gifts as often as possible. 

[The ascended Christ gave gifts to the Church] to prepare Gods people for works of service, so that the body of Christ may be built up…  (Ephesians 4:12 NIV84)

We all need to be useful members of the community of faith!  We can’t forever be human sponges, soaking up Bible teaching and blessings.  We must give back; we must  learn to let the Holy Spirit work in us and through us, building us up and others in the church.

4.  To be desired

But eagerly desire the greater gifts….  (1 Corinthians 12:31a NIV84)

While Paul plainly teaches that it is up to The Lord to decide who gets what gift or gifts, he also urges believers to “eagerly desire the greater gifts.”  This sentence is not without controversy.  And yet it really isn’t a controversial statement at all when it is understood in the context of the sovereignty of God and the free will of man.

To “eagerly desire” comes from a Greek word, zeloute, meaning “burning zeal.”  All believers should have this attitude toward the spiritual gifts:  they should be learning all they can about the gifts and praying that The Lord would give them the best gift or gifts for them to use. 

The Corinthians were all excited about the spiritual gifts, but they were wanting the flashy ones, like speaking in tongues.  Paul’s aim was to get his friends to see that their distorted view of some of the gifts was doing more harm than good to the congregation.  His admonition should be viewed in that light of context.  ALL the gifts are good and important and we should all want to blessed with the most useful and appropriate one or ones for us and for our church.

5.  To be used carefully

Do not neglect your gift, which was given you through a prophetic message when the body of elders laid their hands on you.  (1 Timothy 4:14 NIV84)

In the context of his letter to Timothy, Paul wanted to remind him that he had received a gift; a calling to do the work of The Lord.  For preachers and those who aspire to be preachers, this is an important verse to consider.  The call of God to those would do the work of the ministry is instigated by the Holy Spirit, not by another minister or a ministerial committee.  One doesn’t just decide to become a pastor because his father was one or because he wants to help people.  It’s a calling.  And with that calling comes the gift or gifts to get the job done.  Talent will get you only so far.  Work for The Lord must be done in the Spirit of The Lord.

However, what is true of the “professional preacher” is true of each believer.  We cannot afford to ignore or neglect our spiritual gifts.  How terrible it would be to ignore a spiritual gift because of fear or just neglect!  When a believer does that, they are literally robbing their congregation of the blessings that should be theirs!  It’s the absolute height of selfishness to NOT exercise your particular gift or gifts. 

6.  To be used!

Paul had warned Timothy not to neglect his gift.  Now in his second letter, he warns him again:

For this reason I remind you to fan into flame the gift of God, which is in you through the laying on of my hands.   (2 Timothy 1:6 NIV84)

Timothy was to “fan into flame the gift.”  This is the need of the hour in the Church of Jesus Christ today, whether you are a leader in your church like Timothy, or a member.  Our constant danger is that we will become slack or lazy in exercising our gifts.  Every once in a while we all need to check ourselves to see if we are indeed walking in the fullness of the Spirit as we ought.  We should periodically renew our commitment and dedication to “fan into flame” our gifts.   This is the essence of revival:  a congregation that is living and working as they should – in the Spirit.


Ecclesiology, Part 2

people are the church

Jesus Christ built His church on Himself.  He founded and He established it.  He gifted it with the Holy Spirit and gave His life for it.  The greatest gift ever given the church was Jesus Christ.

1.  Membership in the Church

In spite of what various denominations teach about this topic, the New Testament tells us how to become a member of the church:  faith in the Gospel and a deep-seated trust in Jesus Christ as Savior.

They replied, “Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved—you and your household.”  (Acts 16:31  TNIV)

A characteristic – not a condition – of church membership is participation in water baptism, a dramatic and symbolic testimony to faith in Christ.

If you declare with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. [10] For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you profess your faith and are saved.  (Romans 10:9, 10  TNIV)

In the earliest days of the church, all members were truly born again:

…And the Lord added to their number daily those who were being saved.  (Acts 2:47  TNIV)

In those early days, becoming a member of the church was not like joining a club or an organization, but it was understood that becoming a member of the church was quite literally becoming part of the Body of Christ.

Over the years, though, catechizing took the place of conversion; water baptism took the place a born again experience.  As the Christian church became more and more popular, adherence to man-made confessions and doctrines took the place of faith in the Word of God.  The result of such a change is marked.  Instead of the church overflowing with true Christians, it’s now a “mixed multitude,” with true believers co-existing alongside nominal and in-name-only Christians.  This has been the state of the church for most of its existence:  possessing Christians in the midst of professing Christians.  According to Jesus’ teaching in Matthew 13, the state of the church is no surprise to Him.

It’s clear that the distinguishing characteristic between the invisible, universal Church and the visible, denominational church is the quality of its members.  Only true born again, regenerated people are members of the invisible, universal church.  Those who have their names written in the Book of Life in Heaven are members of the true church.  Those whose names are found only on a church roll, may be members of their local church, but that’s no guarantee that they are also members of the true Church.  This strange condition of the Church was taught by Jesus (Matthew 13) and understood by Paul:

Nevertheless, God’s solid foundation stands firm, sealed with this inscription: “The Lord knows those who are his,” and, “Everyone who confesses the name of the Lord must turn away from wickedness.”  In a large house there are articles not only of gold and silver, but also of wood and clay; some are for noble purposes and some for disposal of refuse.  Those who cleanse themselves from the latter will be instruments for noble purposes, made holy, useful to the Master and prepared to do any good work.  (2 Timothy 2:19-21  TNIV)

2.  The work of the church

The work of the church is best stated by Paul in Ephesians:

(A)  Teaching and training its members.

And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ…  (Ephesians 4:11, 12  KJV)

Some people are under the mistaken impression the job of the church is to make converts.  In fact, the primary job of the church is to train up its members to go out and make converts.  There is nothing wrong with the occasional evangelistic service, but generally speaking, there should be a lot teaching and training going on in Christian churches.  This is what Jesus did:  He taught, discipled, and trained His followers to go out and make converts.  It was not His intention that His followers should to go out and drag back sinners to Him for conversion!

Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit…  (Matthew 28:19  TNIV)

(B)  Provide a means/place of worship.

The church ought to be a place a prayer, worship, and testimony.

(C)  A place of Christian fellowship.

People are social beings and they need social interaction and friendship with like-minded individuals.  A good church provides opportunities for its members to get together for camaraderie and good fellowship.  It is during those times believers encourage each other and build each other up in the faith.

(D)  To hold up a moral standard in the community.

As the “light of the world” and the “salt of the earth,” the church should be setting the moral and ethical example for others to follow.   The church should teach people how to live, not just how to die.  The best witness a church member can have is to hold forth a Biblical worldview, and it’s up to the local church to instill in its members that sound worldview and to encourage them to live it.

3.  Ordinances of the church

Christianity is not a religion of ritual.  At its core, Christianity is all about the inside of a man, not the outside; it’s about man being able to approach God on the merits of Christ alone.  In spite of the fact that New Testament Christianity is not built around rituals, there are two ceremonies that are essential because they were divinely ordained:  water baptism and the Lord’s Supper.  Because of their “sacred” character, some people like to refer to these ordinances are “sacraments,” meaning “sacred things.”  Ordinances, sacraments, or rituals, whatever you call them, there are very special ceremonies “ordained” by The Lord Jesus Himself.

A very simple way of looking at these two ordinances is to see water baptism as the “rite of entrance” into the Church, and it symbolizes the beginning of spiritual life.  The Lord’s Supper is the “rite of communion,” symbolizing continued spiritual life.  Water baptism portrays faith in Jesus Christ, the Lord’s Supper fellowship with Him.  Water baptism happens one time, the Lord’s supper often.

(A)  Baptism

With apologies to the practices of some denominations, since the word “baptize” means “to dip” or “to immerse,” the preferred mode of water baptism is immersion.

This leads us to the question of “sprinkling” or “pouring.”  Where did these practices come from?  All must admit that baptism in both Testaments (Jewish baptism in the Old, Christian in the New) involved totally immersing the candidate in water.  When the early church became more institutionalized and began to forsake the plain teachings of Christ and allowed man’s ideas to influence it, it also began to place an undue emphasis on rituals – like the pagan religions around it did –  and baptism began to be seen as essential in salvation.  In other words, if a person died without being baptized, the church (though not the Bible) taught his soul was in peril.  Given this, the church began the practice of baptizing the sick and dying before it was too late.  Naturally these candidates couldn’t be immersed in water, therefore sprinkling or pouring had to be done.  Eventually, it just became convenient to sprinkle and pour.

Is any of this really important?  Is the mode really important?  It is only to the extent of the candidate’s witness to the community, both the community of faith and the broader community.  Only total immersion conveys  in a dramatic fashion the believer’s identification with the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

What shall we say, then? Shall we go on sinning so that grace may increase?  By no means! We died to sin; how can we live in it any longer?  Or don’t you know that all of us who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death?  We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.  (Romans 6:1-4 NIV84)

How do we reconcile these two verses:

Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit…  (Matthew 28:19 NIV84)

Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.”  (Acts 2:38 NIV84)

What words should be used when one is baptized?   Most denominations use the “Trinitarian formula,” of Matthew 28:19.  But some churches, often called “Jesus Only” churches, baptize their candidates in the name of Jesus only.  Which is correct?  It should be noticed that the words Jesus spoke were the formula; He told His disciples precisely how to baptized converts.  Peter’s words in Acts do not constitute a formula.  They were spoken merely as a statement affirming that the candidate has placed their faith in Jesus alone.

As to who may be baptized, the Bible makes it clear that only those who have repented of their sins and put their full faith and trust in The Lord Jesus Christ may be baptized.  The early church had three simple practices surrounding water baptism:

(1)    a simple profession of faith, Acts 8:37
(2)    a simple prayer, Acts 22:16;
(3)    a simple vow of consecration, 1 Peter 3:21.

Water baptism in and of itself is not a means of grace; individuals are baptized in water not be be saved but because they are saved.

(B)  The Lord’s Supper

Also known as Holy Communion, the Lord’s Supper is a wholly Christian rite, instituted by The Lord Jesus Christ on the eve of His crucifixion for the following purposes:

(1)    Commemoration.

Jesus said, “Do this in remembrance of me.”  We commemorate many things:  birthdays, anniversaries, Independence Day, and so on.  Whenever a group of Christians gets together the celebrate The Lord’s Supper, they are remembering in a very special way the atoning death and resurrection of Jesus, which freed them from their sins and secured them salvation.

While the life of Jesus was important, it saved no one.  It was His death that saved sinners and that’s why we remember it so.

(2)  Instruction.

When we celebrate Communion, we have an opportunity to learn anew two important parts the Gospel.  First, the Incarnation.  We remember the words of John:

The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.  (John 1:14 NIV84)

And the words of Jesus Himself:

For the bread of God is he who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.  (John 6:33 NIV84)

We also have an opportunity to think about the Atonement.  We think about the sacrifice of Jesus; His broken Body and His shed Blood; how He bore the punishment for our sin.

(3)  Inspiration.

The elements help us understand that by faith we may become partakers of Christ’s nature; that we are in communion with Him; and that we as we get closer and closer to Him, we become more and more like Him, reflecting His glory and character.

Through these he has given us his very great and precious promises, so that through them you may participate in the divine nature and escape the corruption in the world caused by evil desires.  (2 Peter 1:4 NIV84)

(4)  Assurance.

The “new covenant” spoken of by Jesus during the Last Supper is a “blood covenant.”  The covenant has been accepted by God on the basis of His Son’s shed blood.  His blood is the guarantee that God will be gracious and merciful to all who come to Him in faith believing what Christ has done.  That is our part in the covenant:  simply believe.

God presented him as a sacrifice of atonement, through faith in his blood. He did this to demonstrate his justice, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished–  he did it to demonstrate his justice at the present time, so as to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus.  (Romans 3:25-26 NIV84)

(5)  Responsibility.

Celebrating The Lord’s Supper is a solemn thing, not to be done lightly, and only after sober reflection.  Consider the words of Paul in 1 Corinthians 11:

A man ought to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup.  For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body of the Lord eats and drinks judgment on himself.   (1 Corinthians 11:28-29 NIV84)

This of course does not mean that only those who are good enough or worthy enough should take Communion.  Really, none of us is worthy.  If we read all of 1 Corinthians 11, we see that Paul is not so much concerned with people but with the actions of people.  How we treat people and the attitudes we hold toward others determines whether or not we may take part in the Communion service.

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